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Sunday, March 17, 2013


The DeKi Programming Journal (DKPJ) is both a tool in coding German Wotan open-source artificial intelligence (AI) and an archival record of the history of how the German Supercomputer AI evolved over time.

1 Thurs.14.MAR.2013 -- Seeking Confirmation of Inference

In the German Wotan artificial intelligence with machine reasoning by inference, the AskUser module converts an otherwise silent inference into a yes-or-no question seeking confirmation of the inference with a yes-answer or refutation of the inference with a no-answer. Prior to confirmation or refutation, the conceptual engrams of the question are a mere proposition for consideration by the human user. When the user enters the answer, the KbRetro module must either establish associative tags from subject to verb to direct object in the case of a yes-answer, or disrupt the same tags with the insertion of a negational concept of "NICHT" for the idea known as "NOT" in English.

2 Fri.15.MAR.2013 -- Setting Parameters Properly

Although the AskUser module is asking the proper question, "HAT EVA EIN KIND" in German for "Does Eva have a child?", the concepts of the question are not being stored properly in the Psi conceptual array.

3 Sat.16.MAR.2013 -- Machine Learnig by Inference

Now we have coordinated the operation of InFerence, AskUser and KbRetro. When we input, "eva ist eine frau" for "Eva is a woman," the German AI makes a silent inference that Eva may perhaps have a child. AskUser outputs the question, "HAT EVA EIN KIND" for "Does Eva have a child?" When we answer "nein" in German for English "no", the KbRetro module adjusts the knowledge base (KB) retroactively by negating the verb "HAT" and the German AI says, "EVA HAT NICHT EIN KIND", or "Eva does not have a child" in English.

Wednesday, March 13, 2013


The DeKi Programming Journal (DKPJ) is both a tool in coding German Wotan open-source artificial intelligence (AI) and an archival record of the history of how the German Supercomputer AI evolved over time.

1 Sat.9.MAR.2013 -- Making Inferences in German

When the German Wotan AI uses the InFerence module to think rationally, the AI Mind creates a silent, conceptual inference and then calls the AskUser module to seek confirmation or refutation of the inference. While generating its output, the AskUser module calls the DeArticle module to insert a definite or indefinite article into the question being asked. The AI has been using the wrong article with "HAT EVA DAS KIND?" when it should be asking, "HAT EVA EIN KIND?" When we tweak the software to switch from the definite article to the indefinite article, the AI gets the gender wrong with "HAT EVA EINE KIND?"

2 Tues.12.MAR.2013 -- A Radical Departure

In the AskUsermodule, to put a German article before the direct object of the query, we may have to move the DeArticle call into the backwards search for the query-object (quobj), so that the gender of the query-object can be found and sent as a parameter into the DeArticle module.

It may seem like a radical departure to call DeArticle from inside the search-loop for a noun, but only one engram of the German noun will be retrieved, and so there should be no problem with inserting a German article at the same time. The necessary parameters are right there at the time-point from which the noun is being retrieved.

3 Wed.13.MAR.2013 -- Preventing False Parameters

When the OldConcept module recognizes a known German noun, normally the "mfn" gender of that noun is detected and stored once again as a fresh conceptual engram for that noun. However, today we have learned that in OldConcept we must store a zero value for the recognition of forms of "EIN" as the German indefinite article, because the word "EIN" has no intrinsic gender and only acquires the gender of its associated noun. When we insert the corrective code into the OldConcept module, finally we witness the German Wotan AI engaging in rational thought by means of inference when we input "eva ist eine frau", or "Eva is a woman." The German AI makes a silent inference about Eva and calls the AskUser module to ask us users, "HAT EVA EIN KIND", which means in English, "Does Eva have a child?" Next we must work on KbRetro to positively confirm or negatively adjust the knowledge base in accordance with the answer to the question.

Friday, March 08, 2013


The DeKi Programming Journal (DKPJ) is both a tool in coding German Wotan open-source artificial intelligence (AI) and an archival record of the history of how the German Supercomputer AI evolved over time.

Wed.6.MAR.2013 -- Problems with the WhatBe Module

As we implement InFerence in the Wotan German Supercomputer AI, the program tends to call the WhatBe module to ask a question about a previously unknown word. When we input to the AI, "eva ist eine frau", first Wotan makes an inference about Eva and asks if Eva has a child. Then the AI mistakenly says, "WAS IRRTUM EVA" when the correct output should be "WAS IST EVA". This problem affords us an opportunity to improve the German performance of the WhatBe module which came into the German AI from the English MindForth AI.

First we need to determine which location in the AI source code is calling the WhatBe mind-module, and so we insert some diagnostics. Knowing where the call comes from, lets us work on the proper preparation of parameters from outside WhatBe to be used inside WhatBe.

Thurs.7.MAR.2013 -- Dealing with Number in German

We are learning that we must handle grammatical number much differently in the German AI than in the English AI. English generally uses the ending "-s" to indicate plural number, but in German there is no one such simple clue. In German we have a plethora of clues about number, and we can use the OutBuffer to work with some of them, such as "-heit" indicating singular and "-heiten" indicating plural. In German we can also establish priority among rules, such as letting an "-e" ending in the OutBuffer suggest a plural noun, while letting the discovery of a singular verb overrule the suggestion that a noun is in the plural. The main point here is that in German we must get away from the simplistic English rules about number.

Fri.8.MAR.2013 -- Removing Obsolete Influences

In NewConcept let us try changing the default expectation of number for a new noun from plural to singular. At first we notice no problem with a default singular. Then we notice that the InFerence module is using a default plural ("2") for the subject-noun of the silent inference. We tentatively change the default to singular ("1") until we can devise a more robust determinant of number in InFerence.

We are having a problem with the "ocn" variable for "old concept number". Just as with the obsolete "recnum", there is no reason any more to use the "ocn" variable, so we comment out some code.

Tuesday, March 05, 2013


The DeKi Programming Journal (DKPJ) is both a tool in coding German Wotan open-source artificial intelligence (AI) and an archival record of the history of how the German Supercomputer AI evolved over time.

1 Sun.3.MAR.2013 -- Problems with AskUser

In our efforts to implement InFerence in the Wotan German AI, we have gotten the AI to stop asking "HABEN EVA KIND?" but now AskUser is outputting "HAT EVA DIE KIND" as if the German noun "Kind" for "child" were feminine instead of neuter. We should investigate to see if the DeArticle module has a problem.

2 Mon.4.MAR.2013 -- Problems with DeArticle

By the use of a diagnostic message, we have learned that the DeArticle module is finding the accusative plural "DIE" form without regard to what case is required. Now we need to coordinate DeArticle more with the AskUser module, so that when AskUser is seeking a direct object, so will DeArticle. There has already long been a "dirobj" flag, but it is perhaps time to use something more sophisticated, such as "dobcon" or even "acccon" for an accusative "statuscon". After a German preposition like "mit" or "bei" that requires the dative case, we may want to use a flag like "datcon" for a dative "statuscon". So perhaps now we should use "acccon" in preparation for using also "gencon" and "datcon" or maybe even "nomcon" for nominative.

3 Tues.5.MAR.2013 -- Coordinating AskUser and DeArticle

A better "statuscon" for coordinating between AskUser and DeArticle is "dbacon", because it can be used for all four declensional cases in German. When we use "dbacon" and when we make the "LEAVE" statement come immediately after the first instance of selecting an article with the correct "dbacon", we obtain "HAT EVA DAS KIND" as the question from AskUser after the input of "eva ist eine frau". We still need to take gender into account, so we may declare a variable of "mfncon" to coordinate searches for words having the correct gender.

Saturday, March 02, 2013


The DeKi Programming Journal (DKPJ) is both a tool in coding German Wotan open-source artificial intelligence (AI) and an archival record of the history of how theGerman Supercomputer AI evolved over time.

1 Sat.2.FEB.2013 -- Improving the AskUser Module

To begin a yes-or-no question in German, a form of the verb has to be generated either by a parameter-search or by VerbGen. We will first try the parameter-search using dba for person and nphrnum for number.

2 Tues.26.FEB.2013 -- Assigning Number to a New Noun

For learning a new noun in German, we need to use the OutBuffer in the process of assigning grammatical number to any new noun. We can use a previous article to suggest the number of a noun, and we may impose a default number which may be overruled first by indications obtained from OutBuffer-analysis and secondly by the continuation with a verb that reveals the number of its subject.

For OutBuffer-analysis, we may impose various rules, such as that a default presumption of singular number may be overruled by certain word-endings such as "-heiten" or "-ungen" which would rather clearly indicate a plural form. We may not so easily presume that endings in "-en" or "-e" indicate a plural, because a singular noun may have such an ending. An ensuing verb is a much better indicator of the perceived number of a noun than the ending of the noun is.

Although we may be tempted to detect the ensuing singular verb "ist" and use it to retroactively establish a noun-number as being singular, it may be simpler to use the OutBuffer to look for singular verbs that end in "-t", such as "ist" or "geht". Likewise, a verb ending in "-n" could indicate a plural subject. So should the default presumption for a German noun be singular or plural?

3 Wed.27.FEB.2013 -- Assigning Plural Number by Default

In both German and English, we should probably make the default presumption be plural for new nouns being learned. Then we have a basic situation to be changed retroactively if a singular verb is detected. So let us examine the NewConcept module to see if we can set a plural value of "2" there on the "num" which will be imposed in the InStantiate module.

When we set a num default of "2" for plural in NewConcept and we run the German AI, the value of "2" shows up for a new noun in both the ".psi" report and the ".de" lexical report. Next we need to work on retroactively changing the default value on the basis of detecting a singular verb.

We have tried various ways to detect the "T" at the end of the input of the verb "IST". In the InStantiate module, we were able to test first for a pov of external input and then for the value of the OutBuffer rightmost "b16" value. Thus we were able to detect the ending "T" on the verb. Immediately we face the problem of how retroactively to change the default number of the subject noun from "2" for plural to "1" for singular.

Changing anything retroactively is no small matter in the Wotan German AI, because other words may have intervened between the alterand subject-noun and the determinant verb. We have previously worked on assigning tqv and seq values retroactively from a direct object back to a verb, so we do have some experience here.

4 Thurs.28.FEB.2013 -- Creating the RetroSet Module

Today we will try to create a RetroSet mind-module for retroactively setting parameters like the number of a new subject-noun which has been revealed to be singular in number because it was followed by a singular verb-form, such as "IST" or "HAT" in German. First we must figure out where to place the RetroSet module in the grand scheme of a Forth AI program. Since the "T" at the end of a German verb is discovered in the InStantiate module, we could either call RetroSet from InStantiate, or use a "statuscon" variable to set a flag that will call RetroSet from higher up in the Wotan AI program. Let us create a "numcon" flag that can be set to call Retroset and then immediately be reset to zero. Since InStantiate is called from the DeParser module, we should perhaps let DeParser call RetroSet.

Now we have stubbed in the RetroSet AI mind-module just before the DeParser mind-module in the Wotan German artificial intelligence. RetroSet diagnostically displays the positive value of the numcon flag and then resets the flag to zero. In future coding, we will use the numcon flag not only to call RetroSet but also to change the default value of "2" for plural to "1" for singular in the case of a new German noun that the Wotan AI is learning for the first time.

5 Fri.1.MAR.2013 -- Implementing RetroSet in the German AI

In the German Wotan potentially superintelligent AI, the AudListen module sets time-of-seqneed ("tsn") as a time-point for searches covering only current input from the keyboard into the AI Mind. In the new RetroSet module, we may use "tsn" as a parameter to restrict a search for a subject-noun to only the most recent input to the AI. However, "tsn" is apparently being reset for each new word of input, so we switch to using time-of-voice ("tov") and we get better results. We input "eva ist eine frau" and RetroSet retroactively changes the default plural on "EVA" from a two to a one for singular. Next we need to troubleshoot why we are not getting a better question from AskUser.