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Tuesday, July 17, 2012


MindForth Programming Journal

1 Fri.6.JUL.2012 -- Debugging after Major Code Revision

In the MindForth artificial intelligence (AI) we are now letting the AI run in tutorial mode without human input in order to troubleshoot any glitches that occur after the major changes of the most recent release. Without human intervention and under the influence of the KbTraversal module, the AI calls various subroutines to prompt a dialog with any nearby human. We observe some glitches that are due perhaps to a lack of proper parameters when a subroutine is called. We intend to debug the calling of the various subroutines so that we may display an AI Mind that thinks rationally not only when left to its own devices but also when the AI must think in response to queries or comments from human users.

2 Sat.7.JUL.2012 -- Solving a Problem with WhatAuxSDo

In the course of letting MindForth run without human input, we noticed that eventually the WhatAuxSDo module was called for the subject of concept #56 "YOU" and the AI erroneously asked "WHAT DO ERROR DO". By inserting a diagnostic message, we learned that WhatAuxSDo was not finding a "subjnum" value for the #56 "YOU" concept and thus could not find the word "YOU" in a search of the English "En" array. We went into the EnBoot sequence and changed the "num" value for "YOU" from zero ("0") to one ("1"). The AI correctly said, "WHAT DO YOU DO". However, we may need to debug even further and find out why the proper value of "num" for "YOU" is not being set during the output.

3 Sun.8.JUL.2012 -- Tightening Code for Searchability

When we search the free AI source code for "2 en{" which should reveal any storing or retrieval of a "num" value, we do not find any code for storing "num" in the English lexical array. Therefore we should search for "5 en{" to see where the part-of-speech "pos" is stored. We do so, and still we do not find what we need. Then we try searching for "5 en{" with an extra blank space in the search, and we discover that a form of "pos" is stored both in EnVocab and in OldConcept. At the same time we see that "num" is also stored in the same two mind-modules. Now we should be able to troubleshoot the problem and find out why English lexical "num" is not being stored during processes of thought. First however, we will try to tighten up the code so that only one space intervenes for future occasions when we are trying to find instances of array-manipulation code.

4 Wed.11.JUL.2012 -- Num(ber) in the English Lexical Array

We need to discover where elements of the flag-panel are inserted into nodes of the English lexical array, so that the "num(ber)" value may be stored properly as the AI Mind continues to think and to respond to queries from human users.

5 Fri.13.JUL.2012 -- Correcting Fundamental Flaws

Today in the EnBoot English bootstrap module we are making a blanket change by moving the EnVocab calls down to be on the same line of code as the calls to InNativate, so that the "num(ber)" setting will go properly into EnVocab. Our recent troubleshooting has revealed that WhatAuxSDo needs to find a "num" value in the English lexical array in order to function properly.

6 Sat.14.JUL.2012 -- Tracking num(ber) Values
Next we need to zero in on how the AI assigns "num(ber)" tags during the recognition of words. In OldConcept, it may be necessary to store a default, such as "num" or "unk" and then to test for any positive "ocn" that will simply override the default.

Since we rely on OldConcept to store the number tag, we may need to track where the number-value comes from. AudInput has some sophisticated code which tentatively assigns a plural number when the character "S" is encountered as the last letter in a word. In the work of 4nov2011 we started assigning zero as a default number for the sake of the EnArticle module, but we may need to change the AudInput module back to assigning one ("1") as the default number.

7 Mon.16.JUL.2012 -- Avoiding Unwarrented Number Values

If the most recent "num(ber)" of a word like "ROBOTS" is found to be "2" for plural, we do not want the AI to make the false assumption that the "num(ber)" of the "ROBOTS" concept is inherently plural. Yet we want words like "PEOPLE" or "CHILDREN" to be recognized as being plural.

8 Tues.17.JUL.2012 -- Making Sure of Lexical Number

We may need to go into the NounPhrase subject-selection process and capture the num(ber) value of the lexical item being re-activated within the English lexical array.

Monday, July 02, 2012


MindForth Programming Journal

1 Fri.29.JUN.2012 -- IdeaPlex: Sum of all Ideas

The sum of all ideas in a mind can be thought of as the
IdeaPlex. These ideas are expressed in human language
and are subject to modification or revision in the course of
sensory engagement with the world at large.

The knowledge base (KB) in an AiMind is a subset of the IdeaPlex.
Whereas the IdeaPlex is the sum totality of all the engrams of
thought stored in the AI, the knowledge base is the distilled
body of knowledge which can be expanded by means of inference
with machine reasoning or extracted as responses to input-queries.

The job of a human programmer working as an AI mind-tender is to
maintain the logical integrity of the machine IdeaPlex and therefore
of the AI knowledge base. If the AI Mind is implanted in a humanoid
robot, or is merely resident on a computer, it is the work of a
roboticist to maintain the pathways of sensory input/output and the
mechanisms of the robot motorium. The roboticist is concerned with
hardware, and the mind-tender is concerned with the software of the

Whether the mind-tender is a software engineer or a hacker hired
off the streets, the tender must monitor the current chain of thought
in the machine intelligence and adjust the mental parameters of the
AI so that all thinking is logical and rational, with no derailments
of ideation into nonsense statements or absurdities of fallacy.

Evolution occurs narrowly and controllably in one artilect installation
as the mind-tenders iron out bugs in the AI software and introduce algorithmic
improvements. AI evolution explodes globally and uncontrollably when
survival of the fittest AI Minds leads to a Technological Singularity.

2 Fri.29.JUN.2012 -- Perfecting the IdeaPlex

We may implement our new idea of faultlessizing the IdeaPlex by
working on the mechanics of responding to an input-query such as
"What do bears eat?" We envision the process as follows. The AI
imparts extra activation to the verb "eat" from the query, perhaps
first in the InStantiate module, but more definitely in the
ReActivate module, which should be calling the SpreadAct module
to send activation backwards to subjects and forwards to objects.
Meanwhile, if not already, the query-input of the noun "bears"
should be re-activating the concept of "bears" with only a normal
activation. Ideas stored with the "triple" of "bears eat (whatever)"
should then be ready for sentence-generation in response to the query.
Neural inhibition should permit the generation of multiple responses,
if they are available in the knowledge base.

During response-generation, we expect the subject-noun to use the
verblock to lock onto its associated verb, which shall then use
nounlock to lock onto the associated object. Thus the sentence is
retrieved intact. (It may be necessary to create more "lock" variables
for various parts of speech.)

We should perhaps use an input query of "What do kids make?", because
MindForth already has the idea that "Kids make robots".

3 Sat.30.JUN.2012 -- Improving the SpreadAct Module

In our tentative coding, we need now to insert diagnostic messages
that will announce each step being taken in the receipt and response
to an input-query.

We discover some confusion taking place in the SpreadAct module,
where "pre @ 0 > IF" serves as the test for performing
a transfer of activation backwards to a "pre" concept. However,
the "pre" item was replaced at one time with "prepsi", so apparently
the backwards activation code is not being operated. We may need
to test for a positive "prepsi" instead of a positive "pre".

We go into the local, pre-upload version of the Google Code MindForth
"var" (variable) wiki-page and we add a description for "prepsi",
since we are just now conducting serious business with the variable.
Then in the MindForth SpreadAct module we switch from testing in vain
for a positive "pre" value to testing for a positive "prepsi".
Immediately our diagnostic messages indicate that, during generation
of "KIDS MAKE ROBOTS" as a response, activation is passed backwards
from the verb "MAKE" to the subject-noun "KIDS". However, SpreadAct
does not seem to go into operation until the response is generated.
We may need to have SpreadAct operate during the input of a verb
as part of a query, in a chain were ReActivate calls SpreadAct to
flush out potential subject-nouns by retro-activating them.

4 Sat.30.JUN.2012 -- Approaching the "seqneed" Problem

As we search back through versions of MindForth AI, we see that
the 13 October 2010 MFPJ document describes our decision to stop
having ReActivate call SpreadAct. Now we want to reinstate the calls,
because we want to send activation backwards from heavily activated
verbs to their subjects. Apparently the .psi position of the "seqpsi"
has changed from position six to position seven, so we must change the
ReActivate code accordingly. We make the change, and we observe that
the input of "What do kids make?" causes the .psi line at time-point
number 449 to show an increase in activation from 35 to 36 on the
#72 KIDS concept. There is such a small increase from SpreadAct
because SpreadAct conservatively imparts only one unit of activation
backwards to the "prepsi" concept. If we have trouble making the
correct subjects be chosen in response to queries, we could increase
the backwards SpreadAct spikelet from one to a higher value.

Next we have a very tricky situation. When we ask, "What do kids make?",
at first we get the correct answer of "Kids make robots." When we ask
the same question again, we erroneously get, "Kids make kids." It used
to be that such a problem was due to incorrect activation-levels,
with the word "KIDS" being so highly activated that it was chosen
erroneously for both subject and direct object. Nowadays we are
starting with a subject-node and using "verblock" and "nounlock"
to go unerringly from a node to its "seq" concept. However, in this
current case we notice that the original input query of "What do kids make?"
is being stored in the Psi array with an unwarranted seq-value of "72"
for "KIDS" after the #73 "MAKE" verb. Such an erroneous setting seems
to be causing the erroneous secondary output of "Kids make kids."
It could be that the "moot" system is not working properly. The "moot"
flag was supposed to prevent tags from being set during input queries.

In the InStantiate module, the "seqneed" code for verbs is causing
the "MAKE" verb to receive an erroneous "seq" of #72 "KIDS".
We may be able to modify the "seqneed" system to not install
a "seq" at the end of an input.

When we increased the amount of time-points for the "seqneed" system
to look backwards from two to eight, the system stopped assigning
the spurious "seq" to the #73 verb "MAKE" at t=496 and instead
assigned it to the #59 verb "DO" at t=486.

5 Sun.1.JUL.2012 -- Solving the "seqneed" Problem

After our coding session yesterday, we realized that the solution
to the "seqneed" problem may lie in constraining the time period
during which InStantiate searches backwards for a verb needing a
"seq" noun. When we set up the "seqneed" mechanism, we rather
naively ordained that the search should try to go all the way back
to the "vault" value, relying on a "LEAVE" statement to abandon
the loop after finding one verb that could take a "seq".

Now we have used a time-of-seqneed "tsn" variable to limit the
backwards searches in the "seqneed" mechanism of the InStantiate
module, and the MindForth AI seems to be functioning better than ever.
Therefore we shall try to clean up our code by removing diagnostics
and upload the latest MindForth AI to the Web.